Search

33 1033 YOUVILLE Drive W, Edmonton, AB, T6L 6V9

Listing ID# E4055770
< Back

$ 244,900

  • 33 1033 YOUVILLE Drive W
    Edmonton, AB T6L 6V9
  • Listing ID E4055770
  • Building Type: Townhome
  • Bedrooms: 3
  • Bathrooms: 1 + 1
  • Space: 1098 sq ft
  • Status: For Sale/Active
  • Days On Website: 185
  • Age of Building: 1993
  • Parking Type: 2 Outdoor Stalls
  • Features: Fireplace: Gas
  • Gas: Y
  • Heating: Forced Air-1, Natural Gas
  • Community: Tawa
  • Amenities: Fenced, Gated Community, Golf Nearby, Landscaped,
  • Basement: No Basement, None
  • Construction: Wood Frame
  • Exterior: Vinyl
  • Flooring: Ceramic Tile, Laminate Flooring
  • Roofing: Asphalt Shingles
View less

Property Description

Don't Look Further! This town house is fully renovated from top to bottom. New floor/ paint/ appliances/ window coverings/ baseboards/ locks/ hinges/ lighting, too much to list. Please check photos.




Features

  • fireplace
  • gas
  • parking

Demographics*

Tawa Property Overview
73%Own 27%Rent
  • Low-Rise 294
  • Semi-Det. 206
  • Detached 8
  • Duplex 0
$ 247 k

Average Home Price in Tawa

21 years

Average home age in Tawa

Household Size
591One-family 465Non-family 2Multi-family
Household size (# people)
  • 1426
  • 2388
  • 3141
  • 4-583
  • 6+20
Household Income in Tawa
90.8%Employed 5.5%Unemployed 3.7%Self-Employed
  • White Collar 712
  • Blue Collar 546
$ 82 k

Average income

48 years

Average age

Education
  • Certificate, diploma, degree 2,662
  • High School 923
  • No Certificate 818
  • College 740
  • Apprenticeship 414
Marital Status in Tawa
39%Married 31%Other 30%Single
Age groups
  • 0-1914%
  • 20-2915%
  • 30-4923%
  • 50+48%

Points of interest and Comparables - Tawa

top

$306,056*

average price

+17.11%

market trend

* - average price based on 27 comparable properties in the neighbourhood
# date listed bed/bath
1 9/8/2017 $239,900 3/1 + 2
2 7/23/2017 $299,900 2/2
3 8/26/2017 $290,000 2/2
4 8/5/2017 $309,900 2/3
5 7/9/2017 $289,900 2/2 + 1
6 8/2/2017 $285,900 2/2 + 1
7 7/8/2017 $267,700 4/2 + 1
8 5/25/2017 $269,900 2/1 + 1
9 9/2/2017 $295,900 3/2 + 1
10 1/14/2017 $319,700 2/2 + 1
5132 106A Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
5132 106A Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Ron Haddad ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$274,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1119 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
112 4350 23 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
112 4350 23 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Tom Jastrzebski ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$260,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1190 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
46 1415 62 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
46 1415 62 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Azmina Ladha ~ Homes & Gardens Real Estate Limited
$219,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 1098 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
1027 MILLBOURNE Road E, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1027 MILLBOURNE Road E
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Justin E Lafavor ~ Maxwell Challenge Realty
$239,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1179 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
1419 Cunningham Drive, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1419 Cunningham Drive
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Jessie Jhand ~ Comfree Commonsense Network
$279,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 948 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
12018 25 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
12018 25 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Shelly D Reddy ~ Royal Lepage Noralta Real Estate
$219,500
  • 4 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1001 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
119 230 EDWARDS Drive SW, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
119 230 EDWARDS Drive SW
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Ben B Adekunle ~ Sterling Real Estate
$249,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1107 sq ft
  • 10 schools
Add to favourites
4043 38 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
4043 38 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Deanne M Jennings ~ Century 21 Vantage Realty Ltd
$269,000
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1240 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
36 2816 34 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
36 2816 34 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Danny Bonko ~ Sutton Premiere Real Estate
$264,500
  • 2 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1184 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
59 10453 20 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
59 10453 20 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Kimberly A Graham ~ RE/MAX River City
$249,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1044 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
144 230 EDWARDS Drive, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
144 230 EDWARDS Drive
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Rhonda C Navratil ~ RE/MAX River City
$254,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1102 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
12070 25 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
12070 25 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$215,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1119 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
10416 28A Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
10416 28A Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$229,900
  • 4 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 772 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
8003 27 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
8003 27 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE
$209,888
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 863 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
5374 38A Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
5374 38A Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Tyler P Uzelman ~ Libertas Property Mgmt Inc
$209,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 2 ba
  • 1134 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
17 3751 12 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
17 3751 12 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of David M Moriarity ~ Century 21 Reward Realty
$270,000
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1111 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
104 3010 33 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
104 3010 33 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Robert J Rudyk ~ Front Door Real Estate
$259,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1340 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
8 3751 12 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
8 3751 12 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Jonathan C Hull ~ 2% Realty Pro
$252,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1109 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
3440 43 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
3440 43 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Raj K Sharma ~ Royal Lepage Summit Realty
$229,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 667 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
59 1804 70 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
59 1804 70 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Tammy A Booth ~ 2% Realty Pro
$280,000
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1146 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
6070 MILL WOODS Road S, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
6070 MILL WOODS Road S
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Linh Hebert ~ Sterling Real Estate
$219,800
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1044 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
4 2803 JAMES MOWATT Trail, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
4 2803 JAMES MOWATT Trail
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Yemi Adeniyi ~ 2% Realty Pro
$266,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 1141 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
18 3751 12 Street NW, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
18 3751 12 Street NW
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Keith Hare ~ Realty Executives North Star
$253,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1097 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
37 1033 YOUVILLE Drive W, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
37 1033 YOUVILLE Drive W
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Craig Murray ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$239,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 2 ba
  • 1136 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
2916 36 Street NW, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
2916 36 Street NW
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Garry F Rogerson ~ NOW Real Estate Group
$224,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1278 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
1780 Cunningham Way, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1780 Cunningham Way
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of James M Osatiuk ~ 2% Realty Pro
$277,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 950 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
177 1804 70 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
177 1804 70 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Linda M Lyons-Boucher ~ Royal Lepage Gateway Realty
$275,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1125 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
1 3751 12 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1 3751 12 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Cindy M Audy ~ Maxwell Progressive
$260,000
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1116 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
17 ROYAL Road, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
17 ROYAL Road
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Lisa J Anderson ~ The Good Real Estate Company
$250,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1322 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
32 1651 46 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
32 1651 46 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Jean A Sills ~ Maxwell Challenge Realty
$219,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1133 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
53 1650 TOWNE CENTER Boulevard, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
53 1650 TOWNE CENTER Boulevard
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Cindi Knight ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$249,941
  • 2 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 920 sq ft
  • 10 schools
Add to favourites
12052 25 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
12052 25 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Charles R Weese ~ Comfree Commonsense Network
$247,500
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1097 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
201 14707 53 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
201 14707 53 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Charles R Weese ~ Comfree Commonsense Network
$217,750
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1172 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
73 8304 11 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
73 8304 11 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Diana A Nguy ~ Homes & Gardens Real Estate Limited
$259,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1302 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
93 603 YOUVILLE Drive E, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
93 603 YOUVILLE Drive E
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Taylor J Hack ~ RE/MAX River City
$253,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1259 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
4807 13 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
4807 13 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE CENTRE
$249,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1178 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
771 VILLAGE Drive, Sherwood Park, AB
Townhome
771 VILLAGE Drive
Sherwood Park
Listing courtesy of Loida Lumanlan ~ RE/MAX River City
$224,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1081 sq ft
  • 6 schools
Add to favourites
Edmonton, AB
Townhome
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE CENTRE
$239,900
  • 4 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1314 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
1658 Millwoods Road E, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1658 Millwoods Road E
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$230,000
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1013 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
135 230 Edwards Drive SW, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
135 230 Edwards Drive SW
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$258,800
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1195 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
#26 - 603 YOUVILLE Drive E, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
#26 - 603 YOUVILLE Drive E
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE
$228,888
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1238 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
Edmonton, AB
Townhome
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE
$208,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1096 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
50 230 EDWARDS Drive SW, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
50 230 EDWARDS Drive SW
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE (SOUTH)
$244,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1119 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
4 10453 20 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
4 10453 20 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Chun Yuan ~ Century 21 Platinum Realty
$229,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1054 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
8108 27 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
8108 27 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Henry G Zurch ~ Homes & Gardens Real Estate Limited
$279,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 1046 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
1135 62 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
1135 62 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Maya C Day ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$219,700
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1089 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
6628 36A Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
6628 36A Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Priya Sharma ~ Century 21 Signature Realty
$239,000
  • 4 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1348 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
38 3305 Orchards Link, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
38 3305 Orchards Link
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Geri Zimmel ~ Maxwell Challenge Realty
$214,900
  • 2 bd
  • 1 ba
  • 695 sq ft
  • 11 schools
76 1804 70 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
76 1804 70 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Tanya R Wold ~ Century 21 A.L.L. Stars Realty Ltd
$265,650
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1104 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
94 12050 17 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
94 12050 17 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Paul S Lamba ~ Maxwell Polaris
$259,800
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1325 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
54 1623 Towne Centre Boulevard, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
54 1623 Towne Centre Boulevard
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Kathleen Wong ~ NOW Real Estate Group
$269,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 905 sq ft
  • 10 schools
Add to favourites
73 3305 Orchards Link, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
73 3305 Orchards Link
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Geri Zimmel ~ Maxwell Challenge Realty
$269,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1011 sq ft
  • 11 schools
14 11115 27 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
14 11115 27 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Yemi Adeniyi ~ 2% Realty Pro
$279,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1109 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
69 3010 33 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
69 3010 33 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of John A Anderson ~ Royal Lepage Noralta Real Estate
$264,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1337 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
4 3751 12 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
4 3751 12 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Shelly M Shumaker ~ Realty Executives Masters
$249,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1109 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
Edmonton, AB
Townhome
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Deanne E Miketon ~ 2% Realty Pro
$260,000
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1184 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
5458 38A Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
5458 38A Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Roger D Osness ~ 2% Realty Edge
$218,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1198 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
24 3520 60 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
24 3520 60 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Darlene A Reid ~ Realty Executives Vision
$229,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1329 sq ft
  • 9 schools
Add to favourites
Edmonton, AB
Townhome
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Moe Charara ~ Royal Lepage Arteam Realty
$234,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1130 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
67 230 EDWARDS Drive, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
67 230 EDWARDS Drive
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Joshua L Tkachuk ~ 2% Realty Pro
$234,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1195 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
36 3811 - 85 STREET, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
36 3811 - 85 STREET
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$249,500
  • 3 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 1334 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
12 655 WATT Boulevard, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
12 655 WATT Boulevard
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$274,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1625 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
32 3520 60 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
32 3520 60 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$239,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 2 ba
  • 1356 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
Edmonton, AB
Townhome
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$234,900
  • 2 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1063 sq ft
  • 13 schools
Add to favourites
5721 105 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
5721 105 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$224,500
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1041 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
3141 109 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
3141 109 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE
$229,000
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1030 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
29 3811 85 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
29 3811 85 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX REAL ESTATE (EDMONTON)
$239,900
  • 3 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 1281 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
188 1804 70 Street, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
188 1804 70 Street
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX EXCELLENCE
$254,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1155 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
20 10453 20 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
20 10453 20 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX EXCELLENCE
$234,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1098 sq ft
  • 11 schools
Add to favourites
54 1650 TOWNE CENTER Boulevard, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
54 1650 TOWNE CENTER Boulevard
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX EXCELLENCE
$254,900
  • 2 bd
  • 2 ba
  • 920 sq ft
  • 10 schools
Add to favourites
11421 22 Avenue, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
11421 22 Avenue
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of Allison R McDougall ~ RE/MAX River City
$226,900
  • 3 bd
  • 1 + 1 ba
  • 1168 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
5 225 Blackburn Drive E, Edmonton, AB
Townhome
5 225 Blackburn Drive E
Edmonton
Listing courtesy of RE/MAX ELITE (WINDERMERE)
$272,800
  • 3 bd
  • 2 + 1 ba
  • 1128 sq ft
  • 12 schools
Add to favourites
Bootstrap Slider

The data relating to real estate for sale on this web site comes in part from the Internet Data exchange (?IDX?) program of the Edmonton Real Estate Board. IDX information is provided exclusively for consumers' personal, non-commercial use and may not be used for any purpose other than to identify prospective properties consumers may be interested in purchasing. The data on this website is deemed reliable but is not guaranteed accurate by the Edmonton Real Estate Board. Copyright? 2017 Edmonton Real Estate Board. All rights reserved.

*Points of Interest data provided by Bing Maps. School data provided by GeoJet. Neighbourhood data provided by Onboard Informatics. Address data provided by DMTI Spatial